(The following is a summary of Nostra Aetate, of the Second Vatican Council. It retains the original preface and the chapter and numbering according to the actual ordered sections of the document.)

ON OCTOBER 28, 1965

1. In the Church’s relationship with non-Christian religions, she considers what is in common and what brings fellowship. Man is united on the deepest of questions from existence of himself, to that of other things which he cannot fully comprehend.

2. In many ages, mankind has experienced the perception that there is a universal power. Refining language and concepts has not provided an answer to many of these questions or ideas. Religions like Hinduism and Buddhism closely match our own restless pursuit of truth and freedom. What is true and holy in these religions, the Catholic Church does not reject for indeed there are rays of light in these religions even if incomplete.

3. Also regarded with esteem is the Muslim religion, who believe in one God. They regard Jesus as a Prophet, love his Mother dearly, and promote lives of piety. Though we have had past conflict with them, we look to a hopeful future.

4. The Church recognizes her roots in the people who first looked for the messiah, the sons of Abraham, the Jews, who indeed share an important role in Christ. With enthusiasm, the Church looks forward to the day where all people acknowledge the Lord in one voice. Some Jews of Christ’s day contributed to His death, but the blame cannot be put on the totality of the Jewish people then or today, nor should they be seen as accursed by God. Therefore, the Church opposes hatred and persecution of all, but especially the Jewish people.

5. Based on this, the Church reproves notions that discriminate against men for religious, race, color, or condition of life. The Church urges all men to seek dialogue in love with other men of the world.

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